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martes, 16 de abril de 2013

Why Is Gold Crashing


Gold Crashes Most in 30 Years … What Does It Really Mean?

Gold has fallen off a cliff.   It has fallen faster than at any time in the last 30 years.
Zero Hedge notes:
Adding insult to injury, the Shanghai Gold Exchange overnight announced that following the tumbling precious metal prices and limit down drop in early trading, it may raise trading margins for its gold and silver forward contracts.
(Margin calls tend to trigger further selling.)

Some Say It Is a Good Time to Buy

While most financial advisers are screaming “sell!”, there are some well-known contrarians.
For example, Bill Gross still recommends buying gold.
Marc Faber says:
“I love the fact that gold is finally breaking down because that will offer an excellent buying opportunity” …. “The bull market in gold is not completed.”
John Hathaway of Tocqueville Funds (with $10 billion under management) says that the selloff in gold is “a contrarian’s dream scenario”:
The evidence shows strong macro fundamentals for gold, investor sentiment at a negative extreme and compelling valuations in the mining shares. It seems like a contrarian’s dream scenario to us.
And Zero Hedge notes that – from the perspective of technical analysis – gold is the most oversold it has been in 14 years.

The Bearish Explanation

But why has gold crashed?
Bloomberg blames:
  • “Optimism that a U.S. recovery will curb the need for stimulus”; and
  • “The prospect that beleaguered members of the euro zone might be forced to sell gold to raise part of the funding, and there are much bigger holders in that category than Cyprus.”
Citigroup opines:
Gold decline may have been related to some break in technical levels and the general improvement in global risk appetite.
Business Insider argues:
[Gold's price collapse] vindicates the economic ideas of the economic elites.


To respond to the economic crisis, economists and mainstream policy makers have favored highly unusual policy measures (massive Fed balance sheet expansion, massive stimulus, etc.). These ideas are usually based on years of traditional economic research (Keynesianism, monetarism, etc.).

All of these ideas have been slammed by heterodox types like Austrian economists, who have warned of hyperinflation, and gold going to $10,000.

So the collapse in gold is not about gold, but about vindication for a large corpus of belief and economic research, which has largely panned out. It’s great that our economic elites know what they’re talking about, and have the tools at their disposal to address crises without creating some new catastrophe.

Things aren’t great in the economy, but the collapse/hyperinflation fears haven’t panned out, and the decline in gold is a manifestation of that.
Barry Ritholtz writes:
History shows Gold trades differently than equities. Why? It comes back to those fundamentals.

It has are none.

This is not to say gold is not affected by Macro issues. But that is very different than saying Gld has a fundamental value, an intrinsic worth. It does not. That led to this heretical advice: Gold is not, and can never be, an investment. It has no true intrinsic value, no cash flow, no earnings, no coupon. no yield. What people call fundamentals are nothing more than broad macro analysis (and how have your macro funds done lately?). Gold is the ultimate greater fool trade, with many of its owners part of a collective belief theory rife with cognitive errors and bias.

I do not want to engage in Goldenfreude — the delight in gold bugs’ collective pain — but I am compelled to point out how basic flaws in their belief system has led them to this place where they are today.

Gold does trade technically, and is especially driven by the collective belief system of the crowd. When that falter, well, you know what happens . 


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